Tuesday, December 24, 2019
Musical development from the 50Ã¢â¬â¢s to the present day 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s The 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s was a very important decade in the development of music as it saw the birth of rock nÃ¢â¬â¢ roll. Artists such as Elvis Presley and Chuck Berry took the style of playing already established in genres such as blues and country music and completely renovated it. They took the idea of a 12 bar blues pattern and sped it up and added rhythmic, catchy hooks to make the music easy to dance to. The lyrics of songs about the genre itself as well as teenage love and sex, although the latter was only referred to through slang terminology, appealed greatly to teenagers of the time due to their rebellious nature. Rock nÃ¢â¬â¢ roll also saw the bass guitar replacing the upright bass in mostÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Songs such as hound dog and jailhouse rock made him one of the most renowned performers of all time and still influence music greatly even today. While Presley was no doubt the most successful and best known artist of the decade, there are several other performers who were key figures in establishing rock nÃ¢â¬â¢ roll as the music of the era. Artists such as Jerry Lee Lewis, Chuck Berry and Bill Haley and the comets played an integral role in creating rock nÃ¢â¬â¢ roll and making it a success with songs such as Johnny B Goode and rock around the clock . 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s Without a doubt the most influential event in the development of music in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s was what became known as the British invasion. With the televised beatings of peaceful civil-rights protestors the American youth became disenchanted with their government and the music that was produced up until 1963 began to reflect that. After 1963 however acts that had been hugely successful in Britain began to make appearances in America, most notably the Beatles. The band, later known as the fab four, became an overnight success in the states and very few American artists maintained any semblance of popularity as a result of the ensuing beatlemania as it
Monday, December 16, 2019
Wit Every student has at some point in his or her educational career had a teacher that seemed completely unreasonable and immune to any sympathy towards the student. In the play Wit by Margaret Edson the main character is Dr. Vivian Bearing who is an esteemed professor of early 17th century poetry and fits the bill of the hard-nosed stubborn professor. We will write a custom essay sample on Wit by Margaret Edson or any similar topic only for you Order Now This character is diagnosed with cancer and the play is about her treatments and battle with the cancer that ultimately at the end of the play leads to her death. Throughout the play itself Dr. Bearing goes through many trials and tribulations and her interactions with the audience, doctors, former students, and herself all show how she goes through stages in order to come to terms with her illness. In the first stage of the play where Vivian is initially diagnosed she shows signs of defiance, which gives the play a real life scenario feeling because it is natural to be in denial for a person under her circumstances. She feels as if she can beat this disease and get back to teaching as soon as possible. There are many of times that she tells the doctors (and audience) to keep giving the highest dosing of chemotherapy. Dr. Bearing understands what she is going to go through and is in terms with that on an intellectual level. She even reads books on medical terminology so as to not feel inferior to the doctors when they are reading her charts to her. This also shows the sense of denial and ignorance Dr. Bearing has to the big picture. And this big picture is that in the end she will die. All her life she has been studying and she relates to the two doctors in that way because they are taking her as information and data and she respects that in the beginning. Her attitude toward being treated as data begins to change and she begins to resent that feeling. Then she has a flashback to a certain point in her teaching career that she was the same way with her students. This one particular student asked for an extension on a paper because he had to travel home due to his grandmother dying. Dr. Bearing responds by saying, Ã¢â¬Å"Do what you want, but the paper is due when it is due. Ã¢â¬ This flashback hits home to her because she understands how the student felt because she is now being treated that way by the doctors which angers her. Throughout the play there is one character that sees Dr. Bearing as a human being, not just data. This is Susie, the head nurse assigned to care for Vivian. These two have an interesting relationship. The entire time Dr. Bearing is in the hospital no one visits her and really Susie is the only person actually caring for her. In the beginning of the play it seems that the main character is annoyed by Susie in a way because at times she corrected her and despised the question of, Ã¢â¬Å"How are you feeling today? Ã¢â¬ This slowly begins to change and the relationship switches when Susie tries to talk to Dr. Bearing about reducing the chemotherapy treatments. Both of the characters realize now that the cancer is not diminishing and is continually spreading so Susie is showing compassion by not simply labeling her and wanting her to suffer in order to collect more data. Dr. Bearing comes to terms with this and enters a stage of depression. During this part of the play Vivian distances herself from human contact even more and spends her days simply in bed alone, only having little communication with Susie. The last emotion Dr. Vivian Bearing goes through is that of recognition. This last part of the play also shows the development and trust in the relationship between Susie and Bearing. Dr. Bearing tells Susie, not her head doctor, family member, or anyone else that she wants to be labeled as a DNR (Do Not Resuscitate) patient. A decision like this is generally talked over between a patient and family or the head physician but Vivian sees that Susie is the only person who cares for her in some way at this point in her life basically. The characters throughout the play help Dr. Bearing come to terms with her illness, whether it is positively or negatively. The former student of hersÃ¢â¬â¢ and when she told that story to the audience showed her how she was missing that feeling of compassion both for and now towards her. While she does not regret how she taught she realizes that she should have treated the students better because she is feeling how they felt with how the doctors are treating her now. In the end it is Susie who helps Dr. Bearing grasp and accept the fact that she is going to die, but she will not die alone now because of her knew friend Susie and that is what Dr. Bearing has been searching for all along, company and support. How to cite Wit by Margaret Edson, Papers
Sunday, December 8, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Ethical Challenges of Leadership Sustainability. Answer: Introduction: The current report is all about explaining the difference between the project leadership and the role of management in handling and managing particular projects these two terms are slightly related to each other as it depicts the skills and traits of an individual in showing their attributes in managing a project. The research study stresses on the adjusting ability of the project managers in utilizing all the tools and techniques of the 21stcentury that shows their flexibility in changing the entire structure of the project with the changes takes places in the external environment. The current study was based on the research question in which comparison was made between the project leadership and project management skills and traits. This report is related to the fulfilling of 21stcentury needs and expectations of an entity by applying different leadership styles in managing all the personnel working on a single or more than one project. The role of a leader is to create coordina tion among its workforce by assigning all the tasks and duties to its employees according to their interest in sustaining all of them in the same project for the longest time. A focus of the report lies in proving the correctness of the research question by getting reliable facts and figures related to the current stream. The author further commented on this section that the condition of the modern generation with the event of the global financial crisis that decreases all sources of income and also affected the available resources held with different economies of all across the world. This action of the event has increases the unwanted changes in the environment globally that creates complexities and the difficulties faced by the project owners. Using project leadership boosted the condition of the firms in upgrading its skills in attracting external as well as internal users of the business. A leader motivates its followers in completing is duty within a short span of time as all the subordinates represent its leader and its guidance in marketing the products or services offered by an entity among all the customers. The objectives of this assignment are to ensure the quality of services delivered by an entity to all the external users by implementing project leadership techniques in an enterprise. The quality of a leader creates its unique identity among all the managers working in an entity as a leader is the only people who thinks about their followers and take actions o improve the working conditions of all its followers and employees in enhancing their productivity. The action of a leader has dual advantages for both employees as well for the businesss increasing productivity of workers will, in turn, induces the singular efficiency of all the employees working for the betterment of the business in generating higher goals as the objectives in lesser time period. The results came out through this method stares that leader think about its followers and employees while resolving a particular issue but at the same time, managers emphasize on eliminating the issue without thinking about the sake of the employees as the focus of a manager lies in meeting the order of the top management. As per human tendency, receiving rewards and compensation induces the performance of an individual from the normal condition as this enhances the speed to achieve the higher target to get the pride and recognition in front of all the employees working at a similar level. Table 1: Data base extration Keyword Databases Journal Leader Wiley online library Moye, Neta, Rose Mueller?Hanson, and Claus Langfred. "Assessment for Leader Development."The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of the Psychology of Recruitment, Selection and Employee Retention(2017): 353-375. Manager Wiley online library Block, Peter.The empowered manager: Positive political skills at work. John Wiley Sons, 2016. Duties of manager Journal of human resource management McCracken, Martin, Paula O'Kane, Travor C. Brown, and Mark McCrory. "Human resource business partner lifecycle model: exploring how the relationship between HRBPs and their line manager partners evolves."Human Resource Management Journal27, no. 1 (2017): 58-74. Literature Review Entire research is based on evaluating the difference among the role of a leader and a manager in coping with the changes takes laces in the external environment. Current researchfavoursleader as the most suitable person as a leader fulfils all its responsibilities in the most suitable manner by considering the views and opinions of the top management, manager and all its followers working in a single team. Data collected in this research states that leader has different perspective as compared to manager in an entity as they think about the betterment of all the employees. A leader uses democratic style and a manager uses autocratic management style to order all the employees to complete the work with or without interest. This research emphasizes on exploring the condition of a leader and a manager working in a similar firm as the qualities both the individuals are different from each other. A leader always takes initiatives to inspire their followers in accomplishing all the tasks and duties within a stipulated time period but on another hand, a manager focuses only on the accomplishment of the work by ordering their subordinates without thinking about all the employees. This assignment emphasizes on the meeting of changing needs of the 21stcentury through project leadership. They encourage the spirit of all the employees in striving hard to meet all the targets in a less time as compared to all the competitors. Healthy competition has started in an entity due to the existence of a leader in a business. Manager of the firm will only emphasize on the accomplishment of all the tasks and duties without taking care of the employees as their focus only lies on completing the task to improve its image i n front of the top management as the managers adopt rigid attitude just to complete all the tasks. The data of this research also suggest that the action of a manager creates frustration, dissatisfaction, and de-motivation among the employees as thinking about the business is not good as every form is a collaboration of all the users of the firm who make up the company together. Selfish attitude of the managers will increase the staff turnover in an entity that reduces the goodwill and entire customer base of the firm in the external environment. On the contrary to it, action of a leader is very different from the act of the managers as a leader inspires its followers by decreasing its workload, explaining the importance of work by allotting all kinds of work to nurture the hidden qualities of all the employees guidance of a leader will shape the present as well as the future of all the workers working under the guidance of a leader. A supervisor fight against the firm for the rights of its employees which increases its respect among all their team memoirs as their focus is on building team synergy among all the members of a team. The literature review is based on different keywords such as leader, manager, duties of manager and the role of a leader in an entity that answers the research question. The literature review shows the importance of a leader as the current research question is about adapting to the external market changes takes places in an enterprise. The author has explained various pieces of evidence that reflect the role of a leader against the manager in an entity. Project leadership and role of the project manager explained in the literature review favours a leader is true as higher staff turnover in an entity gets reduces with the existence of a leader. A supervisor motivates its users in staying more time in an entity as a leader assigns tasks and duties to all the users according to their interests to accomplish all the tasks in a given span of time. Project manager judges the capability of project personnel on their performance but in a project leadership concept, a project leader interacts with the followers in resolving all their issues. References Alessandro, Laureani, and Jiju Antony. "Leadership characteristics for lean six sigma."Total Quality Management Business Excellence. (2017). 28, no. 3-4 405-426. Shumkov, Y. A., and L. A. Vidovskiy. "THE TASK OF PROJECT MANAGMENT."Polythematic Online Scientific Journal of Kuban State Agrarian University(2016). all the references should be listed at the end of the report the current version is wrong. Anderson, Marc H., and Peter YT Sun. "Reviewing leadership styles: Overlaps and the need for a new full?rangetheory."International Journal of Management Reviews. (2017). 19, no. 1 76-96. John M., Nicholas, and Herman Steyn.Project management for engineering, business and technology. Taylor Francis, 2017. Doris, Schedlitzki, Pasi Ahonen, Paresh Wankhade, Gareth Edwards, and Hugo Gaggiotti. "Working with language: A refocused research agenda for cultural leadership studies."International Journal of Management Reviews. (2017). 19, no. 2 237-257. Kerzner, Harold.Project management metrics, KPIs, and dashboards: a guide to measuring and monitoring project performance. John Wiley Sons, 2017. Baptista, Amilcar, Fernando Santos, Jos Pscoa, and Nadja Sndig. "Project Management Methodologies as Main Tool for Current Challenges in Global Economy Driving Historical Changes."Journal of Advanced Management science4, no. 2 (2016). Angela, Carbone and et..al., "Assessing distributed leadership for learning and teaching quality: a multi-institutional study."Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management. (2017). 39, no. 2 183-196. Sharma, Garima, and Anand Kumar Jaiswal. "Unsustainability of sustainability: cognitive frames and tensions in bottom of the pyramid projects."Journal of Business Ethics(2017): 1-17. Kakar, Adarsh Kumar. "Investigating the Prevalence and Performance Correlates of Vertical Versus Shared Leadership in Emergent Software Development Teams."Information Systems Management. (2017). 34, no. 2 172-184. Owusu, Francis, Ezekiel Kalipeni, Nicholas Awortwi, and Joy Mueni Maina Kiiru. "Building research capacity for African institutions: confronting the research leadership gap and lessons from African research leaders."International Journal of Leadership in Education. (2017). 20, no. 2 220-245. Johnson, Craig E.Meeting the ethical challenges of leadership: Casting light or shadow. Sage Publications, 2017.