Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Zeigarnik Effect Essay College of California Peer Reviewed Title: Technostress in the Bionic Library Author: Kupersmith, John Publication Date: 01-01-1998 Publication Info: Postprints, UC Berkeley Permalink: http://escholarship. organization/uc/thing/1hc8s95x Citation: Kupersmith, John. (1998). Technostress in the Bionic Library. UC Berkeley: Retrieved from: http://escholarship. organization/uc/thing/1hc8s95x Additional Info: John Kupersmith, Technostress in the Bionic Library . Initially distributed in Cheryl LaGuardia, ed. , Recreating the Academic Library: Breaking Virtual Ground, (New York: Neal-Schuman, 1998), pp. 3-47. Unique Citation: John Kupersmith, Technostress in the Bionic Library. Initially distributed in Cheryl LaGuardia, ed. , Recreating the Academic Library: Breaking Virtual Ground, (New York: Neal-Schuman, 1998), pp. 23-47. Catchphrases: technostress, PC related pressure, innovation, data frameworks, libraries Abstract: Computer-related pressure, here and there called Ã¢â¬Å"technostress,Ã ¢â¬ influences staff and clients as libraries offer increasingly more data through sites and other remotely open electronic frameworks. We will compose a custom exposition on Zeigarnik Effect explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now This paper takes a gander at technostress with regards to general pressure hypothesis, the Zeigarnik Effect, and the idea of sensemaking. It proposes manners by which library web engineers, framework architects and chiefs can diminish pressure related issues. 2008 updates: In the a long time since it was distributed, this paper has held up genuinely well in general. Ive included a few notes in the content to recognize conditions that have changed. I am appreciative to the late Dr. Ilene Rockman, Manager of the California State University Libraries Information Competence Initiative and proofreader of Reference Services Review, for inspecting a previous variant of these updates. eScholarship gives open access, insightful distributing administrations to the University of California and conveys a unique exploration stage to researchers around the world. 1 The Bionic Library As perusers of this volume are very much aware, scholarly libraries are offering ncreasingly abundant and differing data in electronic structure for nearby and remote access. These electronic administrations started with online library lists, have come to incorporate bibliographic, full-text, and picture databases, and, using Internet apparatuses, for example, the World Wide Web, are quickly advancing into organized data spaces where clients can distinguish and find both printed and electronic things, recover the last mentioned, and convey by means of email with master guides (e. g. , the libra ry staff). Simultaneously, the physical library keeps on existing and even flourish, obtaining, sorting out, and presenting enormous amounts of material in print and other non-electronic configurations to significant quantities of understudies and staff. 2008: Thrive may not be the main word that comes into view when you read this ARL record, which shows noteworthy decreases in reference and course exchanges somewhere in the range of 1995 and 2006 (http://www. arl. organization/bm~doc/arl-br-256-details. pdf). However, the outcomes are blended, with participation at bunch introductions expanding. Regardless, weight on staff brought about by declining library use just fortifies that brought about by innovation. Consequently it appears to be likely that scholarly libraries will keep on working in the two modes for quite a while. In begetting the term bionic library to depict this mixture idea, Harold Billings likewise insinuated the assortment of responses among expected clients: To certain researchers, the idea of an electronic library is heaven close by; to other people, it is totally terrifying. I propose that libraries are advancing as bionic libraries; natural, transformative, and electronically improved. Library assortments will proceed, lasting with books and diaries, yet for some data sources accessible through remote workstations, the library will soon never rest The old and new library frameworks will become acclimatized and entwined. The library is additionally bionic as in it includes offices and configurations, yet in addition the fundamental human components: clients and staff. The achievement of any library framework, all things considered, lays not on how well the plan takes a shot at paper, in the theoretical, yet on how promptly individuals will acknowledge it and how successfully they can utilize it. Also, it is the natural segments of the library that grasp or reject the new advances; satisfy or baffle the aims of framework fashioners; 2 and, particularly in this season of progress, experience the sort of nervousness and confusion known as technostress. Stress and Technostress It barely need be expressed here that pressure plays a basic and tricky job in current life. Most present day stress hypothesis depends on crafted by Hans Selye, who characterized three phases of response to stressors in the earth: alert, obstruction, and (in extraordinary situations where stress is not kidding and delayed) fatigue. 2] While stressors can be charming or upsetting and stress can have constructive effectsÃ¢â¬energizing an individual, centering consideration, and animating practices of commitment and useful adaptationÃ¢â¬generally it is the negative part of pain that justifies our consideration here. Side effects of pressure might be physical (e. g. , muscle strain, fast heartbeat, dry mout h and throat, shallow breathing, cerebral pains, gastric issues), intellectual (mental exhaustion, failure to think, misguided thinking), full of feeling (crabbiness, tension, mental weakness, sorrow), or social (imprudence, evasion, withdrawal, loss of hunger, a sleeping disorder). Different specialists have underscored the significance of the people examination of a possible stressor (a charging rhino consequently inspiring a more grounded response than a mulish hypertext connect), how much the individual sees that he/she can control the circumstance, character contrasts and social help systems that influence people responses and flexibility, and the added substance and total impacts of various stressors, including both adverse and constructive life occasions. Intensifying the impacts of different stressors is the wonder known as the Zeigarnik impact, which affirms a typical human encounter: interfered with undertakings will in general be recalled superior to finished errands, particularly when the individual is exceptionally engaged with the assignment and when the interference is impromptu. This clarifies why staff and clients of the bionic library, shuffling a large group of errands, will in general heft around (and experience proceeding with worry from) th eir psychological daily agendas, and why many think that its hard to get a lot of fulfillment from finished undertakings. ComputersÃ¢â¬or, all the more accurately, the manners by which individuals and associations see, use, and identify with computersÃ¢â¬are a strong wellspring of worry, in the bionic library as somewhere else. Craig Brod, who presented the term technostress in 1984, characterized it as: an advanced infection of adjustment brought about by a powerlessness to adapt to the new PC advances in a solid way. It shows itself in two unmistakable and related ways: in the battle to acknowledge PC innovation, and in the more particular type of overidentification with PC innovation. The essential manifestation of the individuals who are irresolute, hesitant, or frightful of PCs is uneasiness. This nervousness is communicated from multiple points of view: crabbiness, cerebral pains, bad dreams, protection from finding out about the PC, or through and through dismissal of the innovation. Technoanxiety most regularly torments the individuals who feel pressuredÃ¢â¬by business, peers, or the general cultureÃ¢â¬to acknowledge and use PCs. 3 As Brod recommends, technostress takes a few structures. Physical issues, for example, dull strain wounds, carpal passage disorder, or back issues result from poor machine plan or ergonomics. PC tension contains a few issues, running from impermanent disarray over how to utilize a framework, to sentiments of being hurried or dehumanized by the PC, to the unmistakable and increasingly inescapable dread known as computerphobia or technophobia. At the opposite finish of the attitudinal range, the individuals who are exceptionally positive about and associated with PCs likewise experience technostress. This impact can be very unobtrusive, as when individuals endeavor to coordinate their reasoning and conduct to that of PC frameworks, particularly when the interface configuration does little to adjust the basic elements of the machine to human recognitions and conduct. Margaret Stiegs depiction of technostress underscores these impacts: To utilize any innovation effectively, the client is compelled to fit in with its examples. The PC has significantly modified our feeling of time, a change with numerous perspectives. It has made conceivable more noteworthy proficiency, along these lines more prominent effectiveness is presently required. The PC requires prompt reaction. A large number of us locate the squinting cursor oppressive and to some degree terrifying . The speeding up of work the PC has brought represses reflection, which thusly restrains nderstanding. These qualities bestow a more prominent need to keep moving to the specialist, an impulse not to sit around, an awareness of stress. 2008: Web interfaces have supplanted the oppression of the flickering cursor with various noticeable alternatives hanging tight for a mouse click or other client activity. This is an incredible improvement if the interface is all around planned, however quick re action times on rapid systems and the developing number of PC related undertakings have joined to press most library clients and staff. A similar marvel is reflected in an ongoing handbook from a business counseling firm, planned to enable corporate representatives to conform to the quick evolving, electronic, worldwide work environment: you have to work with a solid desire to move quickly. Quicken in all parts of your work, regardless of whether it implies living with a couple of progressively worn out edges. Of course, excellent is vital, however it must come qui
Saturday, August 22, 2020
6 Tips to Overcome Procrastination and Get Stuff Done We plunk down to another undertaking, open another clear record, and? Browse our email! Noodle through our Facebook channel! Check (actually rapidly!) to perceive what time that new film is indicating Friday night! Before we know it, an hour has passed by, and the record is still, well, clear. Here are a couple of procedures to cut the hogwash and return to being productive.Click UNSUBSCRIBEItÃ¢â¬â¢s human. Each time you get an email, you simply need to check it. A fraction of the time, itÃ¢â¬â¢s some drug store, or legislator, or aircraft, or an online retailer. Quit burning through your time perusing what come down to, fundamentally, plugs. Remove the promotion time from your day and spotlight on content. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s like Netflix for your life!Download Spamfighter Pro or MailWasher Pro, or use your Gmail spam channel. Take yourself off each one of those pamphlets and records you never truly get anything from, however canÃ¢â¬â¢t help looking at when you ought to be working.SEE ALSO:Ã How to Boost Your Productivity at WorkPrioritize your workDonÃ¢â¬â¢t simply chip away at the thing youÃ¢â¬â¢re fearing least; thatÃ¢â¬â¢s a simple path for extremely significant activities to fall by the wayside. Make a rundown of every one of your ventures and cutoff times, and rank them arranged by significance and urgency.Break workÃ¢ up into chunksToo dismayed by that gigantic new undertaking to begin? Split it up into significant things, make a sub plan for the day, and begin working on it piece by piece. Make sensible, feasible objectives, and get moving. In the end, the state of the entire undertaking will begin to turn out to be clear and youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be riding the energy of making progress.Cut out the noiseDe-mess your work area. Move your photographs out of visual range. Put your telephone on quiet and stick it in a cabinet. Use programming like Freedom or SelfControl to keep yourself off the Internet, if conceivable, or simply your most exceedingly awful I nternet sinkholes. In the event that you have an extremely sweet view, hang a shade you can close when you canÃ¢â¬â¢t bear to wander off in fantasy land out the window.Make a scheduleEstimate to what extent each of the dayÃ¢â¬â¢s errands will take you, and make a calendar for your day. Regardless of whether step by step or moment by minute, on the off chance that you need micromanaging, put pieces of time in a safe spot for explicit exercises, including breaks. Furthermore, donÃ¢â¬â¢t neglect to give yourself a couple of moments to visit to associates or check your texts.Look internal to see your flawsUsually weÃ¢â¬â¢re generally inclined to hesitation when weÃ¢â¬â¢re dodging an errand we donÃ¢â¬â¢t like. Make sense of what your dawdling triggers are-and why. Not generally excellent at a specific part of your activity? Begin finding a way to improve, as online instructional exercises or programs.At the day's end, your time is important. We spend the greater part of our l ives at work. Why not make that time important by completing genuine articles?
Numerous plays and sonnets are worried about the connection among guardians and their youngsters. Pick a circumstance where this issue is considered in a Shakespeare play and connection it with verse where there is a comparative circumstance. Allude near the writings in your response to help your perspectives. Romeo and Juliet is one of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s most famous plays. The tragic story of the two star-crossed darlings was written in Elizabethan occasions and on account of this highlights families a ton not the same as that of today. Elizabethan families ran uniquely in contrast to that that goes on in our own home sweet homes. Elizabethan youngsters were viewed as their folks property and must comply with whatever their folks said; this was generally the dad as ladies in the past would likewise need to adhere to the exacting standards of their spouses. Just as that, youngsters, in rich families, were regularly compelled to wed whom they were told to; basically for cash. The thoughts of family include vigorously in Romeo and Juliet and in this evaluation I will investigate said thoughts top to bottom. In Act One, Scene Two Lord Capulet, JulietÃ¢â¬â¢s father, is counseling Paris after he requested JulietÃ¢â¬â¢s turn in marriage. Capulet accepts that his little girl is too youthful to even think about marrying. Capulet says Ã¢â¬ËAn she concur, inside her extent of decision lies my assent and reasonable concurring voiceÃ¢â¬â¢ he is stating that Paris has his endorsement however it is up to Juliet to settle on an official conclusion. The way Capulet handles the circumstance with Paris gives the affection and grace he feels for his little girl. Capulet permits Juliet to choose if she needs to wed this man. This wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have happened regularly in Elizabethan occasions as the more extravagant families frequently wedded for riches not love and here Capulet is asking, not telling, Juliet to wed this well off man. He doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t treat her as a household item and needs her to be content with the individual she weds, Ã¢â¬ËShe is the cheerful woman of my earthÃ¢â¬â¢ Capulet has lost his past kids and just needs the best for his solitary girl. At that point, in Act Three, Scene Four, Capulet masterminds JulietÃ¢â¬â¢s and ParisÃ¢â¬â¢ wedding saying Ã¢â¬Ëshe will be hitched to this respectable earlÃ¢â¬â¢. Capulet masterminds this marriage without his little girls assent since he trusts it will help to bring his girl out of her burdensome state, which he believes is brought about by the passing of her cousin Tybalt yet in actuality itÃ¢â¬â¢s in view of Romeo being banished from Verona. The sentence Capulet says shows that he is so kind to his little girl; Capulet could have picked the wealthiest man he could get his hands on, anyway he picks a Ã¢â¬ËnobleÃ¢â¬â¢ admirer for his little girl to wed. This by and by shows that Capulet doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t need to utilize his girl for cash and really needs his little girl to be content with the one she weds. So far Capulet has been introduced as the figure leader of the ideal dad, given the Elizabethan time, anyway there is a second when his demeanor towards his little girl changes. In Act Three, Scene Five Capulet has recently been educated by his significant other that Juliet has wouldn't wed Paris. Capulet then reacts with Ã¢â¬ËIs she not glad? Doth she not check her blest?Ã¢â¬â¢ Capulet then proceeds to reveal to her that he will toss her out and never view her again. Presently, CapuletÃ¢â¬â¢s outcry could be seen by numerous individuals to be brutal and unjustifiable, be that as it may, given the time the play was composed youngsters did as their folks taught and had nothing else to state on the issue. Capulet poses a few inquiries in a steady progression not hanging tight for an answer, this recommends he is freezing and has no clue how he is intended to deal with this; this could very well likely be the first run through his little girl has opposed him. Along these lines, given the plays period, CapuletÃ¢â¬â¢s shock is totally justifiable, he is stunned, terrified and horrified at JulietÃ¢â¬â¢s conduct as kids never challenged their folks, especially their dads. Presently I will move onto the subject of JulietÃ¢â¬â¢s mother, Lady Capulet. In Act One, Scene Three Lady Capulet opens the scene with Ã¢â¬ËNurse whereÃ¢â¬â¢s my girl? Call her forward to meÃ¢â¬â¢. The way Lady Capulet alludes to Juliet as her little girl along these lines nearly seems as though she is calling Juliet an article; itÃ¢â¬â¢s practically like Lady Capulet is requesting that the Nurse bring her a couple of shoes she lost. She doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t talk as though she adores her little girl by any stretch of the imagination, in the event that she did she may have said something like Ã¢â¬Å"Nurse where is Juliet? Might you be able to request that her come to me?Ã¢â¬ The way that she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t address her thusly features further how the connections among parent and youngster worked in Shakespearian occasions; guardians treated their kids as items. The third scene in Act One spotlights vigorously on JulietÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with both her mom and the Nurse. In this scene Lady Capulet alludes to Juliet as Ã¢â¬ËdaughterÃ¢â¬â¢ and Juliet to her as Ã¢â¬ËmadamÃ¢â¬â¢. This shows how Elizabethan youngsters needed to converse with their folks however the exacting convention of how they converse with each other proposes that there is no mother-little girl relationship. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t allude to one another as Ã¢â¬Å"motherÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"JulietÃ¢â¬ . Be that as it may, as I said previously, this could be down to how kids needed to talk and act toward their folks in Shakespearian occasions, anyway I trust it comes down to the absence of connection between the two and my next point explains this further. When Juliet shows up Lady Capulet educates the Nurse to disregard them permitting them to talk in security. Woman Capulet then out of nowhere requests the Nurse to return saying Ã¢â¬ËI have recalled that me. ThouÃ¢â¬â¢s hear our counselÃ¢â¬â¢. At the point when Lady Capulet is confronted alone with her girl she gets obvious to the way that she has no clue how to converse with her little girl and requirements the Nurse to assist her with speaking with Juliet. The way that Lady Capulet required the Nurse to assist her with conversing with her little girl this time proposes this is something that could have happened in the past implying that Lady Capulet has never had a discussion with Juliet without a crowd of people to support her, which is not the slightest bit a sound connection among mother and little girl. The explanation Juliet thinks that its simpler to converse with her Nurse is on the grounds that she was the one that breastfed and raised Juliet as she was employed to be her wet medical caretaker. Elizabethan ladies were regularly utilized by more extravagant families to raise and wean their children for them, this calling was known as a wet medical caretaker. Taking everything into account, Shakespeare utilized the subject of parent-kid connections intensely in Romeo and Juliet. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s objective that he set out to do was to teach the Elizabethan and present day times that the status quo, weren't right. The star-crossed darlings were bound to bite the dust as an approach to show that the manner in which guardians were regarding their kids as items was at last going to end despondently; notwithstanding their youngsters then for themselves. The MontagueÃ¢â¬â¢s and CapuletÃ¢â¬â¢s lost their kids as a result of the manner in which they had been dealt with and I trust Shakespeare needed his crowds, at that point and into the far future, to rethink how they are treating their own youngsters. In this next piece of the controlled appraisal I will examine and talk about various sonnets with the topics of parent-youngster connections and afterward interface certain focuses back to the subjects present in Romeo and Juliet. The principal sonnet we considered was Ã¢â¬ËCatrinÃ¢â¬â¢ by Gillian Clarke; a sonnet devoted to her own little girl Catrin. The sonnet shows the advancement of mother little girl connections basically during childbirth and during the young insubordinate time of her life. A topic utilized all through the sonnet is this topic of a Ã¢â¬Ëtight red rope of loveÃ¢â¬â¢. This is referenced or recommended at a few focuses all through the sonnet and alludes to the umbilical string. The rope helps me to remember a round of Ã¢â¬Ëtug of warÃ¢â¬â¢ a game that crowns a victor, anyway I accept that this fight is proceeding even into CatrinÃ¢â¬â¢s high school years, she is as yet driving ceaselessly, the subject of contention is available all through. The primary verse likewise makes reference to a Ã¢â¬Ëenvironmental blankÃ¢â¬â¢ this proposes the mother is shutting out everything around her and every last bit of her consideration is centered around the infant and getting it out; this could show that CatrinÃ¢â¬â¢s mother is attempting her supreme hardest to get her infant out with the goal that they can start their lives independently. Clarke likewise composes Ã¢â¬ËI composed everywhere throughout the dividers with my wordsÃ¢â¬â¢, she isnÃ¢â¬â¢t genuinely getting up and painting the dividers with a jar of Dulex, she is rather splattering the dividers with her own and the babyÃ¢â¬â¢s shouts and yells as they battle for opportunity. Ã¢â¬ËClean squaresÃ¢â¬â¢ could be the perfect and sterile condition of the emergency clinic or it could be a clear canvas fit to be painted with the recollections and clashes of their relationship to come. Clarke then proceeds to compose Ã¢â¬Ëtender circlesÃ¢â¬â¢ which I accept is the mouths of the mother and youngster, sore and dry from all the shouting and crying the two gatherings have endured. All through the sonnet, in the middle of the entire clash, words, for example, Ã¢â¬ËtenderÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËloveÃ¢â¬â¢ are tossed in with the general mish-mash negating the subject of contention which is to do with viciousness and outrage. The adoring and caring words that are utilized, I accept, is the means by which Clarke is depicting guardian kid connections. I accept she is attempting to state that it is a contention and it is a battle, however in the middle of the entirety of the takes on and conflicts are the caring minutes guardians and kids share and that these minutes ought to be held dear. The following sonnet we examined was Ã¢â¬ËFollowerÃ¢â¬â¢ via Seamus Heaney. Not at all like Ã¢â¬ËCatrinÃ¢â¬â¢ this sonnet centers around a dad child relationship. The sonnet is about a child whoÃ¢â¬â¢s reverence and regard for his ranch working dad r
Friday, August 21, 2020
aleatory music (&#257;'l&#275;&#601;tÃ£'r'&#275;) [Lat. alea=dice game], music in which components generally dictated by the author are resolved either by a procedure of arbitrary determination picked by the writer or by the activity of decision by the performer(s). At the compositional stage, pitches, spans, elements, etc are made elements of playing card drawings, dice throwings, or scientific laws of possibility, the last with the conceivable guide of a PC. Those components typically left to the entertainers' attentiveness incorporate the request for execution of segments of a work, the conceivable rejection of such areas, and abstract translation of transient and spatial pitch relations. Additionally called Ã¢â¬Å"chance music,Ã¢â¬ aleatory music has been delivered in bounty since 1945 by a few authors, the most remarkable being John Cage, Pierre Boulez, and Iannis Xenakis. Aleatoric (or aleatory) music or sythesis, is music where some component of the structure is left to risk. The term got known to European arrangers through the talks which acoustician Werner Meyer-Eppler held at Darmstadt Summer School in the start of the fifties. As per his definition, "aleatoric forms are such procedures which have been fixed in their blueprint yet the subtleties of which are left to chance". The word alea implies "dice" in Latin, and the term has gotten known as alluding to an opportunity component being applied to a predetermined number of conceivable outcomes, a technique utilized by European arrangers who felt more bound than the Americans by custom and who focused on the significance of compositional control, instead of indeterminacy and chance where prospects tend not to be limited and which is an Anglo-Saxon wonder. The term was utilized by the French author Pierre Boulez to portray works where the entertainer was given sure freedoms with respect to the request and reiteration of parts of a melodic work. The term was expected by Boulez to recognize his work from works made through the application out of chance activities by John Cage and his tasteful of indeterminacy - see vague music. Different instances of aleatoric music are KlavierstÃ£ ¼ck XI by Stockhausen which includes various components to be acted in changing arrangements and trademark successions to be rehashed quick, delivering a unique sort of wavering sound, in instrumental works of Lutoslawski and Penderecki. An early type of creation that could be viewed as a point of reference for aleatoric structures were the Musikalische WÃ£ ¼rfelspiele or Musical Dice Games, famous in the late eighteenth and mid nineteenth century.
Tuesday, August 4, 2020
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Sunday, June 28, 2020
Vaidehi Mujumdar (Photo credit: Hebah Khan hebankhan.com) This interview is the latest in an Accepted.com blog series featuringÃ interviews with medical school applicants and students, offering readers a behind-the-scenes look atÃ top medical schools and the med school application process. And now, introducing Vaidehi MujumdarÃ¢â¬ ¦ Accepted: First, can you tell us a little about yourself? Where are you from? Where and what did you study as an undergrad? Whats your favorite non-school book? Vaidehi: IÃ¢â¬â¢m currently living in New York City, but I was born in India, moved to Southern California at age three and then moved to Northern Virginia, where I spent most of my childhood. I graduated from Dartmouth College in 2013 with a double major in Biology and Anthropology modified with Ethics. I love/hate this question because I have a long list of books and quotes I keep in a notebook to share with people. Just to list some titles I really love: Arundhati RoyÃ¢â¬â¢s God of Small Things; The Poisonwood Bible by Barbara Kingsolver; The Red Tent by Anita Diamant; Level 4: Virus Hunters of the CDC by husband and wife virus hunters Joseph B. McCormick and Susan Fisher-Hoch; The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down by Anne Fadiman; and Shantaram by Gregory David Roberts. Recently, I have loved reading Chimamanda Ngozi AdichieÃ¢â¬â¢s Americanah and Atul GawandeÃ¢â¬â¢s newest book, Being Mortal. Accepted: Congratulations on your multiple acceptances to med school! Where will you be attending this Fall? Vaidehi: I am actually still deciding between a few schools and itÃ¢â¬â¢s actually a lot harder than I thought it would be to make a decision. I think going to re-visit weekends and getting a better sense of the community, location, and fit will be really important for me. I am grateful that I have until April to figure it out and some part of me knows that it will end up being one of those decisions that starts with a large pro/con list but then ends up being made based on Ã¢â¬Å"feelingÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â where I feel I can be successful and happy to pursue interdisciplinary interests in medicine. Accepted: Can you tell us about your experience at theÃ HealthCare Chaplaincy Network (HCCN)? What do you do there? How will this experience play into your future as a physician? Vaidehi: Dartmouth has a Post-Graduate Fellowship Program for students interested in working in the non-profit sector. My fellowship was at an organization called HealthCare Chaplaincy Network, an organization that provides compassionate spiritual care to healthcare organizations and individuals through research, education, and clinical services. Spiritual care is interesting in that it is not religion or specific to a denomination. We all need spiritual care as patients and as healthcare providers to make meaning of lived experiences. One of my main responsibilities at HCCN was to co-managing two hospital pilot programs based in Harlem and Queens. These programs utilized chaplains in providing spiritual care interventions to reduce unnecessary hospital readmissions for Medicare patients 65+. There was a lot of great quantitative and ethnographic data gathered from this study and I know the model we used can be built upon in the future. I really believe that integrating chaplains in the healthcare team can help improve patient outcomes. Having seen the difference chaplain and spiritual care has on patient satisfaction and health outcomes, I know I will be mindful as a physician in utilizing spiritual care as a possible tool a health care organization can provide for a patient. Accepted: Why did you decide to take this time off after graduating college? Do you think you made the right decision? Vaidehi: I grappled a lot in college if I was going to take time off and actually decided to do it so that I could double major, go abroad to do my anthropology thesis research, and actually also devote time to write a thesis. I absolutely believe I made the right decision. Initially, my plans to take a gap year(s) was very practical and had to do with timing in my undergraduate studies, taking the MCAT, and wanting to do all of those things well. However, at the end of my first gap year, I realized how important it was for personal growth and just being able to have the time to explore myself, my passion for writing and journalism, and working full-time in one of the craziest cityÃ¢â¬â¢s I have ever lived in. I really believe having this time will make me a better student in medical school. I found on the interview trail that the people who were a couple years out of undergraduate were usually the ones who had a story to tell and an enthusiasm for getting back into school. I also feel like managing work-life balance and priorities is extremely important and itÃ¢â¬â¢s not something that I really considered so much in undergrad. If I could back and tell my younger self circa my sophomore year of college when I was struggling with how I could fit in everything I wanted to do academically and personally, I would definitely say, Ã¢â¬Å"Stop stressing about fitting it all in a set number of years just because thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what you expected the plan to be.Ã¢â¬ Plans change. Flexibility and adaptability are important, and taking the time during gap years to enrich yourself is invaluable. Through my 2 gap years, I have had the opportunity to pursue journalism and writing in New York City as well as health advocacy work and I feel like I have a better grasp of what I want to do in the medical field as a physician. Accepted: Can you talk about your interest in medical humanities and spiritual care research?Ã Vaidehi: My interest in the medical humanities I believe really started my junior/senior year of college when I wrote a thesis in socio-cultural anthropology and ramped up a lot during my gaps years when I started freelance writing for several platforms focused on self-care, trauma, womenÃ¢â¬â¢s health in minority communities, and exploring narrative medicine. I believe the medical humanities and spiritual care provide us with a holistic look at both individual and population levels that can help in creating effective solutions. For example, I am interested in conducting research on chronic endocrine and reproductive diseases in women. Narrative medicine as a subset of the medical humanities allows me to gather illness stories told by women about their lived experiences with these chronic problems. To me, medicine is about stories and through my experiences working in this realm, I have also realized how powerful stories are to healing. On the other hand, spiritual care research, through the use of mindfulness based stress reduction, can help me provide data on if these techniques are useful in improving overall well-being and health. Along with allopathic medical training and an interest and understanding of medical humanities and spiritual care, I believe I am better equipped to be a physician who practices patient-centered care. Accepted: Looking back, what was the most challenging aspect of the med school admissions process? How did you approach that challenge and overcome it? Vaidehi: The most challenging part of this process is keeping a positive attitude through what is a long process. At first, the process seems like a bunch of steps that if you do correctly, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be fine. So you do the pre-reqs, the MCAT prep, the application writing, filling out secondaries, the interviewing, and then you wait. And for someone who works on patience everyday, waiting was my biggest challenge and you can drive yourself bonkers if you keep focusing on dates, interviews, and whoÃ¢â¬â¢s doing what. At some point you just have to let go and say you put everything you could out there in the best way you could and now the rest is not in your hands. Giving up that control will surprise you and it will definitely help with the waiting process. The other challenging aspect of the process for me was coming up with a school list. Now almost done with the process, I have to say it is really important to come up with a list that is thoughtful and broad. I picked a range of schools based on statistics, but also focused on fit depending on their strengths/weakness. I believe it made a big difference in when and how many interviews I received. Accepted: Do you have any additional tips for our med school applicants? Vaidehi: Apply early. Everyone says this, but you have no idea how much of difference it makes when youÃ¢â¬â¢ve interviewed early in the cycle and have acceptances in the Fall. It sets you up for a less stressful cycle and the ability to relax as much as you can while waiting to hear back from other places. Have multiple people read your personal statement and even some of the secondary essays that you may reuse for schools. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s really important to get different viewpoints, while also remembering that at the end of the day itÃ¢â¬â¢s your story. I went through many drafts of my statement and through the revising process I was able to see how others reading my ideas were understanding and reacting to them. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s important because admissions committees are made up of different people and therefore you want to create a personal narrative, while making it accessible and clear for anyone to read. Anyone reading your essay(s) without reading anything else in your application should know who you are, what experiences have brought you to choosing medicine, and why you are a good fit for this profession. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t stress how important I feel the personal narrative and the writing you do for your AMCAS and secondaries is in setting you apart from all the other qualified appl icants. I know people say this a lot, but be yourself at interviews. Be professional, but donÃ¢â¬â¢t try to fit yourself into what you think the interviewer wants or what you think the school is looking for. Wield your differences, because we all have them, as positives and use them to connect with your interviewer. The school has already read your AMCAS and believes that you have portrayed yourself effectively in your written communication to them. The interview is all about making an authentic human connection, which is not only important for medical school but in that long journey of pursuing medicine. Early on in the cycle, I went to an interview where I took what I later thought was a pretty controversial stance on a topic I had experience with through work and research. After the interview, I mentally kicked myself, thinking I had ruined my chances. I was later not only accepted to that school, but my interviewer wrote me a note saying, Ã¢â¬Å"We need more people like you in medicine to talk about the issues we shy away from.Ã¢â¬ That was one of the biggest affirmation I got from a physician and in a process that often fills you with doubt. I know that particular interview experience helped me act more confidently and stay as true to myself as I could for future interviews For one-on-one guidance on your med school applications, please see our catalog of med school admissions services. You can follow VaidehiÃ¢â¬â¢s adventure by checking out her blog, http://vaidehimujumdar.weebly.com/ and/or following her on Twitter (@VeeMuj). Thank you Vaidehi for sharing your story with us! Do you want to be featured in Accepted.coms blog, Accepted Admissions Blog? If you want to share your med school journey with the world (or at least with our readers), email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Related Resources: Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Ultimate Guide to Medical School Interview Success Ã¢â¬ ¢ Choosing the Perfect Medical School: Multiple Acceptances a Reality Ã¢â¬ ¢ Who Should Take a Gap Year
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Minimum wages are described as Ã¢â¬Å"the minimum amount of remuneration that an employer is required to pay wage earners for the work/services performed during a given tenure, which cannot be reduced by collective agreement or an individual contractÃ¢â¬ . Minimum wages can be established by statute, competent decision authority, a wage board, a wage council, or by industrial or labour courts. The significance of minimum wages is to shield workers against disproportionately low pay. They help safeguard an equitable and just share of the fruits of progress to all, and a minimum living wage to all who are employed and in need of such protection. Minimum wages can also be a part of a policy to overcome poverty and reduce inequality, including thoseÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This potential loss decreases both firmsÃ¢â¬â¢ surplus and workersÃ¢â¬â¢ surplus. The increase in job search will waste resources and time which contributes to the inefficiency of minimum wage. Dead-weight loss highlights the loss in possible employment, which could have been achieved by labour market approaching equilibrium. Free-Market With Minimum-wage Case 1 With Minimum-wage Case 2 Consumer Surplus 1-2-3 1 1 Producer Surplus 8-9 2-3-4-8-9 2-9 Government Supports - - LS-LD Cost of Government Purchase - - 3-4-5-6-7 Total Surplus 1-2-3-8-9 1-2-9 1-2-9 Dead-weight Loss - 3-8 3-5-6-7-8 In both cases of minimum wage, there is an overall increase in labour supply and an overall reduction in demand of labour. Hence, implementing or increasing minimum wage results in loss of jobs theoretically. However, it also relies on the country s economic activity which may or may not result in loss of jobs. Additionally, case 2 reflects the scenario where the government delivers unemployment benefits to its unemployed citizens. In this case the dead-weight loss is catered by the government which in return puts a great deal of financial burden on the government. Observing with the perspective of the general population - Improved minimum standard of living Ã¢â¬â It facilitates the lowest paid strata of the society to desire for a better standard of living. - Incentive to work Ã¢â¬â It encourages unemployed population to find job, due of higher returns for theirShow MoreRelatedMinimum Benefits Of Minimum Wage1359 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMinimum wage is described asÃ Ã¢â¬Å"the minimum amount of remuneration that an employer is required to pay wage earners for the work/services performed during a given tenure, which cannot be reduced by collective agreement or an individual contractÃ¢â¬ . Minimum wage can be established by statute, competent decision authority, a wage board, a wage council, or by industrial or labour courts.Ã The significance of minimum wage is to shield workers against disproportionately low pay. They help safeguard an equitableRead MoreBenefits Of Minimum Wage1014 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Minimum wage is a struggle for many Americans and I believe it needs to be raised. The minimum wage of the United States is $7.25 an hour. It is a rate that isnÃ¢â¬â¢t letting many Americans live life comfortably. If the minimum wage was changed even a merely $3.75 it would change peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives and will let many people get by. The minimum wage of $7.25 has stayed the same since 2009 and there hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t been any effort by the government to change it. Many states have increased their minimum wage, but IRead MoreThe And Benefits Of A Minimum Wage2730 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pages The Affects and Advantages of a Minimum Wage 180 Hour 3 Shakopee High School A common saying known throughout the business world, Ã¢â¬Å"time is moneyÃ¢â¬ , which applies to every aspect of every work place, yet a something is missing from that saying. The missing element is just how much your time is worth. Recently with new raises in minimum wage the United States is taking steps to come more closely to the equilibrium of how much employees should be paid. With the many, many issues inRead MoreThe Benefits Of The Minimum Wage2000 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe advantages of the Minimum wage law outweigh its disadvantages. Introduction Minimum wage law is the lowest salary that employers need to pay to workers and United Kingdom legislate the minimum wage law in 1998. It is a way to improve the living condition of those low-income workers by raising their wage and also assure they can afford their daily consumption. The rate of the minimum wage is not fixed, it will increases as the living rate increases. The idea of minimum wage law is usually regardedRead MoreBenefits And Benefits Of Minimum Wage1568 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespoverty wages and provide few if any benefits (Low, 2015). The lowest income bracket has been getting increasingly poorer and since 1968, the real value of the minimum wage has progressively declined (Dietrich, 2004). Most low-wage employers do not offer health insurance to their employees and if they do, premiums are too high for employees to afford. Sick pay and retirement benefits are not likely to exist in these types of jobs. Due to a lack of training or continuing education benefits, most workersRead MoreThe Benefits Of Raising The Minimum Wage1656 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto be should the minimum wage be raised or should it be lowered or eliminated altogether. From where I stand minimum wage should be raised. Everyone is more successful when people are paid a living wage. Changes to the minimum wage would strengthen the economy and business, Lift Americans out of poverty, and will be unlikely to significantly impact prices. The only way to grow the economy in a way that benefits 90% is to change the structure of the economy. Paying people a fair wage is a sign of respectRead MoreBenefits Of Minimum Wage Law990 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshave a law in order to complete the bare minimum to afford a decent living condition, food for their families and even to put on decent clothes to keep themselves warm. The minimum wage law was set so employees have a decent living wage and are not in complete ruins after working rough conditions. There are many benefits towards the minimum wage law that was set in 1938 by President Roosevelt. It helps laborers who work in rough rugged conditions have a minimum set salary and have them able to affordRead MoreThe Benefits Of Raising The Minimum Wage706 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Minimum wage is a difficult number to decide on because it affects different income earning citizens in different ways. According to Principles of Microeconomics, by N. Gregory Mankiw, minimum wage is a law that establishes the lowest price for labor that and employer may pay (Mankiw 6-1b). Currently, the minimum wage in the United States is $7.25 per hour. For many years politicians and citizens have argued on what should be the minimum wage that would benefit the economy and society in generalRead MoreBenefits And Disadvantages Of Minimum Wage1957 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesto pay wages inferior to a certain threshold. This activity has important effects on the labor market and even on the global economy. The average wage levels influence not only the rates of employment, and the living conditions of part of the payroll, also a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s level of education, how much outsourcing is done to countries where (minimum) wages are lower, and even market prices and therefore rates of in flation. Around the world, and for more than a century now, Ã¢â¬Å"since the first minimum wageRead MoreBenefits Of Raising Minimum Wage1291 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In recent years, the demand for an increased minimum wage has erupted across the nation. During the ongoing debate, a few states, cities, counties, and companies have taken the initiative to raise the minimum wage of $7.25 per hour to the varying wages of $7.50-$11.50 per hour. According the United States Labor Department, 29 states and the District of Columbia pay above the minimum federal level of $7.25 per hour. The raising of the minimum wage has numerous supporters; however, there are individuals